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Of Concern & Love

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A Letter From A Friend

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Who's Who and What's What in Directed Energy Weapons and Psychotronics

I received this document in my email from a victim who typically does a good job at finding essential information regarding DEW and Psychotronics, sharing it with a network of other victims of torture.

Many victims of attacks by the federal government against our fellow citizens using these weapons do extensive  research for years believing they will find relief from their government, to no avail, because the people who are supposed to be protecting their lives are the people harming them.

And you.

At the very least, familiarity with words used in directed energy weapons will make it possible for you to notice how much they are a part of making your life miserable right now.

Date: Sun, 16 Nov 2008 15:50:26 -0500 Subject: [endsecrecy] Directed Energy & Tritium Tracking

 Saturday, November 15, 2008

 Could/Would Secret Service Kill You With Directed Energy in Guarding President Obama by Sherwood Martinelli

WOW...Directed Energy, the stuff of Science Fiction and Marvel Comic Books...not exactly. I stumbled upon and article by David Hambling that suggests, even hints that the Secret Service is/has deployed Directed Energy Weapons as a part of their arsenal to protect President Obama.

Realizing we could all be microwaved by an over zealous (and overly nervious) Secret Service, thought we should all know a bit about this DIRECTED fact, it seems that the Air Force, Homeland Security and others are quite interested in Directed Energy as well...even more troublesome...there is a very real chance that the NEI, NRC and the owners of 104 dangerous trouble plagued (and in some cases ready to FAIL) nuclear reactors are considering the use of Directed Energy weapons in crowd control should there be a significant accident at one of these facilities.

In an interesting side note to all this...seems that a particular segment of the Army involved in Directed Energy is also providing Tritium Tracking services...sure would be interesting to find out if Indian Point and/or Entergy are using this service, or for that matter if NEI or NRC have availed themselves of the service in light of the fact that a LARGE NUMBER of America's aging nuclear reactors are beginning to have SERIOUS TRITIUM LEAKAGE PROBLEMS...could the NRC explain to me, a stakeholder how they can claim Tritium presents NO DANGER TO MY HEALTH if the Army is concerned enough about it to have the ability TO TRACK IT?

Secret Directed-Energy Tech Protecting the President?

By David Hambling November 14, 2008

The Secret Service is tasked with protecting the President of the United States from assailants; and given that President-elect Obama has already been the target of assassination plots they may have their work cut out after January. But they have more than earpiece radios and armored limos to help them; the Secret Service can call on the very latest technology. Documents from a recent court case indicate that they have advanced directed-energy devices which are highly classified.

You may remember Donald Friedman, who claims that government agencies are misusing non-lethal directed-energy weapons. It’s easy to dismiss him as a crank. But his obsessive digging has turned up valuable information. For instance, one of his Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests unearthed a 1998 U.S. Army program looking at a microwave device to beam sound directly into the target's skull which the rest of us had missed. (The same technology underlies the Medusa non-lethal weapon.)

Now he's found something else. Friedman's current court case involves attempts to extract information about any directed-energy weapons such as lasers and microwaves used by the Secret Service.

Do they really have anything of the kind? A "Motion for an Enlargement of Time" (in other words, a request for a few more weeks) by the Secret Service's attorney indicates that they have something, and it's pretty secret:

"Plaintiff's FOIA request is for document [sic] concerning directed energy technology that is very sensitive. Some of this documents [sic] pertain to research conducted by divisions within defendant agency that is used to carry out its mandate to protect very high government officials. In fact, in one case, the documents… could not be mailed but had to be hand carried interstate."

So what is this "sensitive" technology? We don't know for sure, naturally. But we can sure speculate...

Now, we've talked before about the Secret Service's interest in laser dazzlers as a means of protecting the White House against suicide attacks by light aircraft, dating back to 1998. We don't know if dazzlers have ever been deployed, but that would certainly explain some of the secrecy.

Portable dazzlers would also be a good way of dealing with potential snipers without the risk of harming bystanders. Other agencies also have an interest in covert dazzlers. Ex MI6 agent David Tomlinson claims a laser strobe was proposed for an assassination attempt on Slobodan Milosevic in 1992 by dazzling his chauffeur at a crucial point and causing him to crash. (Conspiracy theorists claim that a laser dazzler was used to assassinate Diana, Princess of Wales — but any bright flashes more likely came from photographer's flashguns.)

A portable version of the truck-mounted Active Denial System — the Pentagon's "pain ray" — might be used to similar effect. It could cause an assailant to flinch for a vital second, giving agents an opportunity to get the President out of the line of fire, without having to shoot into a crowd. Raytheon has been working on a rifle-sized version of the Active Denial System for some years, but nothing has been heard of it recently.

Subscriptions to Unclassified Journal

Subscriptions to the unclassified Journal of Directed Energy, as well as past issues of the Journal, are available for purchase. Each subscription includes two issues. Currently, DEPS is able to distribute the unlcassified Journal of Directed Energy to DEPS members as a benefit of membership.

Obtaining Papers from the Classified Journal

The classified Journal of Directed Energy (Limited Edition) is a new journal and the first issue is not yet available. Once available, individual papers from the classified Journal will be made available to persons with the proper security credentials through the Directed Energy Engineering and Analysis Center (AFRL/RDTA).

These papers will be free of charge and instructions on obtaining papers will be provided here at that time.

Gold Sponsors

Applied Energetics

Boeing - Integrated Defense Systems

Lockheed Martin

Northrop Grumman


Textron Systems Corporation

Silver Sponsors

BAE Systems

MZA Associates Corporation


the Optical Sciences Company

Schafer Corporation

Science Applications International Corp.

Sustaining Sponsors

Brashear, a Division of L-3 Communications

IPG Photonics Corporation


Advanced Energy Systems

The AEgis Technologies Group

Communications & Power Industries, Inc.

CSA Engineering Corporation

Directed Energy Solutions

EM4 Defense

Georgia Tech Research Institute

Laserline, Inc.

Penn State Electro-Optics Center

SEO Precision, Inc. Founding SponsorsWe thank our founding sponsors for their help in making DEPS a reality.

Gold Level Founding Sponsors

Boeing - Integrated Defense Systems

Lockheed Martin



Silver Level Founding Sponsors

Applied Research Associates, Inc.

MZA Associates Corporation

BAE Systems

the Optical Sciences Company


Schafer Corporation

Other Sites to Watch: 

Headquartered in Tucson, Arizona, Applied Energetics is led by a passionate and creative team of scientists and engineers and is focused on providing real-world solutions in partnership with our customers.Formed in 2002, the corporation specializes in the development and application of high power lasers, high voltage electronics, advanced optical systems, and energy management systems technologies.

Applied Energetics pioneered the development of Laser Guided Energy; man-made lightning technology for military and security applications. Additionally, the company is involved in a range of energy-based defense, industrial, scientific, and aerospace programs with customers worldwide. The company is publicly traded on the NASDAQ Global Market under the ticker symbol "AERG".

[Note: See also: Microwave Laser or MASER]

Government/Military Products and Technology

Defend. Protect. Preserve. The landscape of the modern battlefield has changed. Today’s battlefield isn’t a "field" anymore. It’s a city square, a neighborhood, or a crowded city. Today’s threats are often characterized by a non-state enemy who operates among a civilian population, in urban and congested areas, and uses unconventional means to inflict harm and damage.

These challenging conditions call for smart, sophisticated responses that are appropriate and proportional. The responses must be direct, humane and surgically precise while preserving valuable infrastructure. Applied Energetics offers Laser Guided Energy and its derivatives as transformational capabilities for use in this difficult military environment.

The Department of Defense has always been our primary customer and serving the DoD is the base of experience for our management team. We understand that full compliance with DoD business practices, audit requirements, accounting standards, and protection of sensitive and classified information is essential and core to our operations.

Contact us to learn more about the potential of this revolutionary technology and our other military and government products and applications.

 Directed Energy Directorate

The Air Force Research Laboratory's Directed Energy Directorate, Kirtland AFB, N.M. is the U.S. Air Force's center of expertise in the range of technologies required for high-energy lasers, high-power microwaves, high-power millimeter waves and advanced optics.

Associated technologies include optical imaging and communication technologies and modeling, simulation and effects studies. As the technical expert, the directorate also provides independent assessment and analysis of directed energy concepts for multiple Air Force customers. The directorate has a space optical site and high performance computing center on the island of Maui, Hawaii.


 Fact Sheet Tools

Printable Fact Sheet

The Directed Energy Directorate concentrates on six major "product" lines or emphasis areas - technologies that can fulfill a wide range of defense needs. Defensively, these product lines can protect high-value and limited military assets.

Offensively, they can strike at the speed of light with little or no collateral damage. Additionally, they can provide high-resolution imaging and sensing of an enemy's resources.

Counter Electronics - Disrupt adversaries' critical military and infrastructure electronics and communications equipment with little to no collateral damage utilizing radio frequency and high power microwaves

Force Protection - Protect U.S. Forces with directed energy shields and non-lethal weaponry to minimize casualties and reduce collateral damage

Long Range Strike - Identify, communicate and attack time critical targets anytime; anywhere

Precision Engagement - Provide scaleable effects from disrupt to destroy on a wide range of tactical targets with limited collateral damage

Space Control - Provide rapid knowledge of space situations for the combatant commander to ensure freedom of action in space

Fact Sheet Point of Contact AFRL Space Vehicles Directorate Public Affairs (505) 846-1911

Directed Energy Featured Links

 Air Force Maui Optical & Supercomputing Site (AMOS)

DE Scholars

Starfire Optical Range

Weapon Systems Technology Information Analysis Center

AFRL/Phillips Research Site Links

AFRL Phillips Research Site (PRS)

AFRL PRS Business Opportunities

AFRL PRS Civilian Employment

AFRL PRS Reserve Forces

Kirtland Air Force Base

Air Force Research Laboratory Links

The Air Force Research Laboratory

AFRL Technology Horizions Removed From Public Access   The homepage:

WSMR Personnel Services Branch, Military Personnel Services Division (575) 678-6871DSN 258-6871

ID Card Section(575) 678-5739(575) 678-5811

In Processing Information(575) 678-8999DSN 258-8999

Warrior Transition Course(575) 474-1912 (S1)(575) 474-1375 (Training)

Commander USAGUS Army White Sands Missile RangeIMSW-WSM-HRMBuilding 465, Room 140 (Corner of Dyer and Rock Island Streets)WSMR, NM 88002(575) 678-7645DSN 258-7645

If you have any questions, please feel free to e-mails us at:

 Region 1Phone: (717) 267-9213DSN: 570-9213Fax: (717) 267-9026DSN: 570-9026E-mail:redstone-USATAReg1@

Mission Statement

Region 1 provides test, measurement, and diagnostic equipment (TMDE) calibration and repair support in a 15-state region in the Northeast U.S. servicing Army, DoD, and other Government agencies.

Weapons systems supported include communications and electronics, tactical missiles and transportation systems.

Region 1 also supports a large part of the Army's Research, Development and Engineering infrastructure.

TMDE Support Centers (TSC) provide secondary calibration services using state-of-the-art laboratories and calibration standards along with our extensive expertise in metrology, the science of measurement. Through our hierarchy of secondary transfer laboratories, secondary reference laboratories and the Army Primary Standards Laboratory, we maintain a chain of traceability to national standards maintained by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).

Our 8 TSCs and subordinate TMDE Support Laboratories (TSL) are conveniently located at 8 Army installations throughout the region. We have equipment "pick-up and delivery" services for some customers.

Region 1 supports a large percentage of the Army’s industrial and research, development, and engineering activities, and one major FORSCOM installation. Region 1 also supports key communication activities supporting the nation’s command structure and associated national security and intelligence infrastructure.


 Electrical/Microwave, Physical/Dimensional & Radiation


































Region 1Phone: (717) 267-9213DSN: 570-9213Fax: (717) 267-9026DSN: 570-9026

Non Lethal Directed Energy Weapons

 Anti-personnel non lethal directed energy weapons include lasers, high power electro-magnetic pulse and directional acoustic weapons. One of the systems currently in use is the SaberShot laser dazzler – this hand held or weapon mounted low-power device uses 250Mw of 532nm green-laser.

When directed at the target, the laser's optics temporarily expand to generate a blinding light which penetrates smoke, fog at twice the range of white light.

Modulation of such high intensity light cause disorientation, dazzle and blink reaction that reduces the target's activity. Such weapon could be used to disorient and degrade performance of potential threats, such as snipers, or RPG launchers.

[Note: This same sort of visual effect is used on television, and will be even more effective when digital tv broadcasting becomes the standard]

 Laser Technology

Northrop Grumman develops the full range of technologies needed for operational laser systems. From high-energy chemical lasers to solid state lasers, over thirty years of investment and development have extended the capabilities of lasers for wide range of defense and commercial applications. Read More Directed Research and Development  INERTIAL CONFINEMENT... The ICF program provides the experimental support for much of the core weapons programwork on high-energy lasers in support of stockpile stewardship. ...     - 2008-07-25[PDF] INERTIAL CONFINEMENT... and to support the nuclear weapons program in ... LANL, collaborate on high-energy- densityphysics ... and optics technology activities are directed towards providing ...   - 2008-07-25[PDF] INERTIAL CONFINEMENT... primarily support ignition and weapons physics research. ... sources through inertialfusion energy (IFE) research ... use, including Laboratory Directed Research and ... - 2008-07-25[PDF] ICF 00-Annual-LAYOUT... The principal activities were directed toward developing tech ... general understandingof high-energy-density physics. ... On the other hand, the stimulated scattering ...   - 2008-07-25

Power and Energy:ARL's power and energy program provides technologies that enable lightweight compact power sources and high power density components to significantly reduce the logistics burden while increasing the survivability and lethality of the Soldiers and systems of mounted and dismounted forces of the Future Army. Research efforts include: improved compact, high power, and energy density primary and auxiliary power sources; high density power switching devices and components; and related energy storage and sources for Army lethality, survivability, mobility, and sustainability applications.

Major investments include: power components for hybrid electric vehicles and pulse power, power sources for Soldier power and auxiliary power, and directed energy. This major laboratory program is executed in three technology areas.

Technology Areas: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV), Platform, and Pulse Power Directed Energy Micro, Soldier, and Portable Power The development of compact E-bomb warheads, especially using HPM emitters, will permit their integration in a wide range of weapons. To date bombs, cruise missiles and artillery rounds have been proposed for the delivery of such devices. Depicted are some representative non-Western delivery systems and the most likely warhead packaging we can expect to observe (C. Kopp).   The U.S. Army is mounting Joint Silent Guardian non-lethal, directed energy weapons -- a derivative of the active denial system or "Pain Ray" -- on Ford 550 commercial trucks for crowd control. A lot is still undecided about how the small fleet of vehicle/weapon combinations will be used including whether they will go to urban areas of Iraq, officials say.

Directed Energy Weapons

Directed energy weapons (DEWs) are systems that use a ray of energy (e.g. laser) to damage or destroy equipment, infrastructures and individuals. DEWs are suitable primarily to disable an opponent’s electronics, sensors, command and communication systems. There are different types of DEWs, but all have the following characteristics:

 They can hit a target at the speed of the light. Many aim and fire problems are history.

Although some powerful DEWs require major investments (weapons technology and supporting infrastructure), the cost of actual use is relatively low.

The power of a DEW is controllable. Although more powerful types could cause great damage, it is also possible to provide precise fire power that will not necessarily lead to additional damage.

The expertise needed to produce some of these weapons, such as high power microwave devices (HPM), is fairly easy to obtain.

In fact, many experiments are carried out using converted microwave ovens. Components are easily accessible and cheap, which makes HPM weapons attractive to terrorists, especially for the purpose of destroying infrastructural facilities.

LISA) Laser ISR (Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance) Systems and Applications Area 2


A -- Research & Development

Department of the Air Force Air Force Materiel Command AFRL - Directed Energy Directorate


Oct 27, 2008




A -- Research & Development

Department of the Air Force Air Force Materiel CommandAFRL - Directed Energy Directorate

Solicitation Number: BAA-08-RD-04

Notice Type: Presolicitation


Added: Oct 16, 2008 4:13 pm


16 October 2008



A. INTRODUCTION. The High Power Microwave Technologies Branch of the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), Directed Energy Directorate (RD), Kirtland AFB New Mexico, is seeking innovative techniques and approaches for the development of non-lethal weapons technology that targets high valued electronic systems.

Combatant commanders (COCOMS) have expressed desires for additional military options against the variety of electronic systems that are used in military, industrial, civil, and asymmetrical applications. To provide viable military options to the COCOMS, the Air Force Research Laboratory, Directed Energy Directorate's High Power Microwave Division (AFRL/RDH) is seeking to develop and demonstrate the capability and operational utility of a high power microwave (HPM) aerial demonstrator.

The objective of this effort is to develop, test, and demonstrate a multi-shot and multi-target aerial HPM demonstrator that is capable of degrading, damaging, or destroying electronic systems. For this effort, the contractor shall develop a compact HPM payload for integration into an aerial platform. The contractor shall produce five aerial demonstrators. One aerial platform without the HPM source shall be developed for a flight test to demonstrate delivery, controllability, and fusing. The remaining four aerial platforms with the integrated HPM source shall be developed for flight testing, demonstration, and HPM effects tests. Of the four HPM prototypes one shall be used for ground tests, two shall be used for flight tests, and the remaining one shall be used as a back-up for the flight test.Offerors will be required to have SECRET level clearances, and some personnel must be clearable for access to RESTRICTED DATA, CRITICAL NUCLEAR WEAPON DESIGN INFORMATION, FORMERLY RESTRICTED DATA, SCI, and Non-SCI.

B. The estimated total program budget for these efforts is approximately $40M over 39 months. This funding profile is an estimate only and will not be a contractual obligation for funding. All funding is subject to change due to government discretion and availability. All potential offerors should be aware that due to unanticipated budget fluctuations, funding in any or all areas may change with little or no notice.FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12$9M $17M $10M $4M

C. GENERAL INFORMATION. The government anticipates awarding one Cost-Plus-Fixed Fee completion effort contract, but reserves the right to award a procurement instrument best suited to the nature of the research proposal, or no awards pursuant to this BAA. The contract award is anticipated to be unclassified. In the event the government is unable to conclude negotiations with the apparent successful offeror, the government reserves the right to conduct negotiations with another offeror. If the offeror is a large business, any resultant contract will include a subcontracting plan, which must be submitted prior to award. In addition, AFMC 5352.209-9002, Organizational Conflict of Interest Clause, will be applicable, with probable inclusion of Alternates III and VI. The successful awardee may be required to enter into a non-disclosure agreement with the AFRL/RDOS support contractor to permit administrative access to proposal and contract data. It is anticipated a DD Form 254, Contract Security Classification Specification with a classification level of Secret will be required during the performance of this contract. Foreign-owned firms are excluded from participating. It is expected that contractors may have access to, or generate, data that is unclassified with limited distribution and/or subject to U.S. Export Control laws. Therefore, offerors will need to be certified by the Defense Logistics Information Services (DLIS) prior to award. Contact the US/Canada Joint Certification Office, DLIS, Federal Center, 74 Washington Ave, North, Battle Creek, Michigan 49017-3084 (1-800-352-3572), or logon to   for further information on certification and the approval process.

Also, DD Form 2345, Militarily Critical Technical Data Agreement, must be completed by the successful offeror and processed prior to award of a contract. All DOE Federally Funded Research & Development Centers (FFRDCs) and DOD FFRDCs C3I Lab, Lincoln Laboratory or Software Engineering Institute may submit proposals in response to this solicitation. Other FFRDCs or contractors that propose using FFRDCs not discussed herein shall provide rationale in the proposal that research is within the purpose, mission, general scope of effort or special competency of the FFRDC and that the research to be performed would not place the FFRDC in direct competition with the private sector. Offerors must mark their proposals with the restrictive language stated in FAR 52.215-1(e). For the purposes of this BAA, the business size standard is 500 employees, NAICS 541712. The acquisition is unrestricted, full and open competition. All firms responding to the subsequent solicitation shall state whether they are, or are not, a small business, a socially and economically disadvantaged business, an 8(a) firm, a woman-owned business, a hubzone certified small business, a historically black college or university, a minority institution, a veteran-owned small business or a service-disabled veteran owned small business. Foreign owned firms are advised they will not be allowed to participate. There will be no opportunities for foreign owned sub-contractors as well.

Technical POC is Mr Robert Torres, 505-846-8054.

Contracting POCs are Ms Rita Varley, Contract Specialist, 505-846-4398 and Mr Kenneth West, Contracting Officer, 505-846-4626.

Projected date for release of solicitation is November 2008

Contracting Office Address: 2251 Maxwell AveKirtland AFB, New Mexico 87117

Primary Point of Contact.: Rita A Varley Rita.Varley@ Phone: 505-846-4398

Secondary Point of Contact: Gary D Riley, Contracting Officer gary.riley@ Phone: 505-853-3306 Fax: 505 846 1546

 Date posted: 06/01/2008*

Active Denial is a revolutionary non-lethal protection system that employs millimeter wave technology to repel individuals without causing injury. The system provides a zone of protection that saves lives, protects assets and minimizes collateral damage. Active Denial emits a focused beam of wave energy that travels at the speed of light and produces an intolerable heating sensation that causes targeted individuals to flee. The sensation immediately ceases when the targeted individual moves away from the beam.

Raytheon has produced and delivered three Active Denial Systems to the U.S. Air Force customer. Raytheon has also built one Silent Guardian™ system that is roughly 1/3 the size and power of the other Active Denial Systems.

Active Denial and Silent Guardian are part of a family of Directed Energy solutions produced by Raytheon. Those solutions include the Vigilant Eagle Airport Protection System, Laser Area Defense System and Direct Infrared Counter Measure Systems.

Silent Guardian uses millimeter-wave technology to stop, deter or repel adversaries threatening our forces or sensitive infrastructure.

Vigilant Eagle creates a protective zone around airports to safeguard aircraft when they are at their most vulnerable – on take off and landing. Vigilant Eagle is based on a high-powered microwave beam that can be dispatched from a ground station to deflect shoulder-fired missiles away from aircraft.

The Laser Area Defense System (LADS) combines the capabilities of the 20-millimeter Phalanx weapon system with the power and effectiveness of lasers to provide fast, precise search, track and engage capabilities for directing laser energy on target, destroying mortars and other munitions in flight.

Quiet Eyes, a baseball-sized turret that can be mounted on combat helicopters, uses a laser beam to disrupt shoulder-fired missiles.

SAIC: National Security: Domain ExpertiseSAIC's national security efforts reach across all branches of the military and support the full spectrum of military operations.  

 SAIC: National Security: Related LinksSAIC has developed products and applied technologies which can aid in anti-terrorism and counterterrorism efforts.

SAIC Is Lead Systems Integrator on Award-Winning Joint Services Project : The revolutionary nature of new weapon systems using high-energy lasers and high-power microwaves presents a new challenge to the U.S. military: how to effectively test and evaluate these systems. The Directed Energy Test and Evaluation Capability (DETEC) Project was formed to meet that challenge, and SAIC was awarded the contract to serve as the project's lead systems integrator.

The Guardian Installation Protection Program is managed by the Joint Project Manager Guardian (JMPG) for the Joint Program Executive Office for Chemical and Biological Defense (JPEO-CBD). Working under the JPMG, SAIC will provide an integrated chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear protection (CBRN) capability at 200 Department of Defense (DoD) installations and facilities worldwide. Please visit the Vendor Registration Site if you are interested in providing products and/or services.

Seaport Security: Each year, more than two billion metric tons of cargo move through U.S. ports. Learn how SAIC is using technology to improve the security of U.S. harbors, ports, coasts, and marine installations.

Learn about how SAIC's Unmanned Vehicle Technology can offer streamlined and safer operations to emergency response and defense operations and at the same time reduce unnecessary risk to personnel.

Semi- and autonomous robotic platforms are being developed that can penetrate physically prohibitive areas and even serve as an extension of the human soldier.

 US Navy Evaluates Metal Strom's FireStorm Non Lethal Weapon Launcher

The Australian weapon developer Metal Storm International (MSI) completed a demonstration of non lethal weapon system utilizing its rapid fire 'Metal Storm' system. The company was one of two companies invited to participate in a Market Research Demonstration (MRD) for the US Marine Corps System Command’s Mission Payload Module – Non Lethal Weapon System program, assessing the maturity level of new technologies. Following the MRD, the U.S. Government plans to solicit proposals for the System Development and Demonstration Phase (SDD). (more...)

Nonionizing Directed Energy Bioeffects

The human eye is the most important sensor on the modern battlefield.

Increased international use of laser-guided weaponry and the potential or known health hazards of emerging anti-eye weapons demands development and fielding of medical treatment tools to protect the sight and skin of Soldiers engaged in modern military operations.

Retinal injury from frequency agile laser weapons systems and laser-tissue interactions from infrared systems exposure require immediate assessment and treatment, pharmacological and surgical interventions, and post-injury vision and performance evaluation. To protect eyesight of the Soldier, this Program Area explores and develops prognostic and diagnostic applications to protect against retinal cell injury or reduce neural element loss after injury, medical treatment strategies for laser eye injury, and tests the feasibility of advanced neuroprotectant pharmaceutical agents developed under the Neurotoxin Exposure Treatment Research Program (NETRP) to minimize or reverse adverse consequences to the Soldier of eye or skin exposure to nonionizing directed energy.

Medical Countermeasures for Laser Eye Injury

Neuroprotectants for Retinal & Brain Cell Injury


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